Another legend says that the same Valentine wrote to children and friends who loved him from the jail. The celebration of Lupercalia transformed and spread as the Roman Empire grew. Holidays GO Round and Round. In the s, Esther A. Today, the Catholic Church recognizes at least three different saints named Valentine or Valentinus, all of whom were martyred. Americans probably began exchanging hand-made valentines in the early s. In Great Britain, Valentine's Day began to be popularly celebrated around the seventeenth century. Sometimes the pairing of the people lasted an entire year, and often, they would fall in love and would later marry.
So, who was Saint Valentine and how did he become associated with this ancient rite? According to one legend, Valentine actually sent the first 'valentine' greeting himself. It is this, along with the traditions of Lupercalia, that came together to honor St. Other stories suggest that Valentine may have been killed for attempting to help Christians escape harsh Roman prisons where they were often beaten and tortured. Valentine's Day, as we know it today, contains vestiges of both Christian and ancient Roman tradition. But who is this mysterious saint and why do we celebrate this holiday? In the United States in the second half of the 20th century, the practice of exchanging cards became more of giving gifts, usually from a man to a woman. Eros seems to have been responsible for impregnating a number of goddesses and mortals. In the United States, the first mass-produced valentines were produced and sold shortly after by Esther Howland — of Worcester, Massachusetts. In the s, Esther A. On this day, people show their friends relatives and ones that they care. Pampering one's beloved and making a romantic proposal to one's sweetheart is the other popular tradition of the festival that celebrates love. He was killed in the third century, during the persecutions of the Emperor Claudius II. Apparently, a container in which women had placed their names possibly accompanied by love notes was used in a lottery. While in prison, it is believed that Valentine fell in love with a young girl - who may have been his jailor's daughter - who visited him during his confinement. There are several versions of these legends. So, who was Saint Valentine and how did he become associated with this ancient rite? On the evening before St. Such gifts typically include roses and chocolates. February 14 was also a Roman holiday. People send candy or flowers to those whom they love. Valentine and romantic love is not mentioned in any early histories and is seen as pure legends. Lupercus watched over shepherds and their flocks and the festival of Lupercalia became a celebration intended to ensure the fertility of flocks, fields and people. The history of Valentine's Day The association of February 14th with love dates back to ancient times. Valentine's Day, as we know it today, contains vestiges of both Christian and ancient Roman tradition.
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